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Guidelines for Clinical Target Volume Definition for Perineural Spread of Major Salivary Gland Cancers

原文:2018年 发布于 Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 30卷 第12期 773-779 浏览量:335 原文链接

Aims: Postoperative radiotherapy is the standard of care for resected major salivary cancers that are at risk of locoregional recurrence. Of the various histological subtypes, perineural invasion is most common in adenoidcystic carcinomas of the three major salivary glands - parotid, submandibular and sublingual. The clinical target volume (CTV) for these cases must include the relevant cranial nerve pathways at risk. A contouring atlas was devised for delineation of the CTV of the nerves supplying the major salivary glands.

Materials and methods: Using standard anatomy texts and e-anatomy sources the nerves supplying the major salivary glands were identified. Subsequently the pathways of the nerves were drawn on an archived patient's planning computed tomography scan.

Results: The innervation of the major salivary glands has been identified and studied. Both bone and soft tissue CTVs have been delineated. A full set of images and CTVs of all the relevant transverse computed tomography slices has been archived, a number of which are printed in this article.

Conclusions: Variation in CTV delineation is a recognised problem in a variety of anatomic sites. Guidelines and atlases can standardise practice and may improve the safety and efficacy of therapy. An atlas has been generated to guide clinicians in delineating the CTVs for perineural spread in major salivary gland cancers.